All sea food lawful.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)


One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear brother

I regularly visit your site since this past year.before I came to know about your site I used to read articles and sabaks from site from south Africa. Up till now Shukar Allah both these sites show almost same solutions to all queries until yesterday when I wanted to enquire whether eating of crabs ,lobsters and calamari is permissible in our religion. The answer was positive in your site but mufti ebrahim desai do not think it is permissible in hanafi mazhab.can u please read the answers from site under food and nourishment section(question no 6445, 2389 and many other similar questions) and clarify the confusion.

May Allah Taalah reward you and your team for this great work



(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)




All sea food lawful

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 16 Surah Nahl verse 14:

It is He (Allah) Who has subjected the sea to your service so that you may get fresh flesh from it to eat and bring out of it articles of ornaments,  which you wear.


Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 83     Narrated by Abu Hurayrah

A man asked the Messenger of Allah (saws): ‘O Messenger of Allah (saws), we travel on the sea and take a small quantity of water with us. If we use this for ablution, we would suffer from thirst. Can we perform ablution with sea water?’ The Messenger of Allah (saws) replied: ‘Its water is pure and (even) what dies in it is lawful food.’


Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.648         Narrated by Jabir

We set out in the army of Al-Khabt and Abu Ubaida was the commander of the troops. We were struck with severe hunger and the sea threw out a dead fish the like of which we had never seen, and it was called Al-'Anbar.  We ate of it for half a month. Abu Ubaida took (and fixed) one of its bones and a rider passed underneath it (without touching it). (Jabir added:) Abu 'Ubaida said (to us), "Eat (of that fish)."   When we arrived at Medina, we informed the Prophet (saws) about that, and he said, "Eat, for it is food Allah has brought out for you, and feed us if you have some of it."  So some of them gave him (of that fish) and he (saws) ate it.


Whenever one wishes to determine whether an animal is permissible or impermissible for the believers to consume, the principle law is look in the list of what has been declared haraam by Allah and His Messenger (saws); and if one does not find the name or type of the animal in the haraam list, its flesh would be presumed halaal for the believers.


In light of the above clear guidance of Allah and His Messenger (saws), the absolute majority of the scholars including the eminent scholars of Jurisprudence, Imam Shafei, Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and Imam Malik are all of the opinion that the flesh of every animal, without exception, that predominantly lives in the sea would be absolutely ‘halaal’ for the believers to consume. Crabs, lobsters, calamari or squid, prawns, etc. are creature of the sea, thus its flesh would be deemed absolutely ‘halaal’ and lawful for the believers as food.


The Hanafi school of thought on the other hand have taken the term ‘Its water is pure and (even) what dies in it is lawful food’  to mean only the fish and exclude all other sea-creatures, but that opinion is not accepted by the other three major schools of thought.  We wish to clarify here that even the Hanafi school of thought does not declare or classify the other sea-creatures other than fish to be ‘haraam’ or unlawful….but instead have classified them as ‘makrooh’ or disliked and guided that it would be safest if the believers abstained from consuming it.  And Allah Alone Knows Best.


Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.


Your brother and well wisher in Islam,





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