Qunut in witr.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

 

1)  Why do we write "AL" in front of name or many word related to Arabic (in most cases I had seen).

 

2) In  wajib ul witr namaz we read Dua Qunoot, what if anybody does not know that dua in that case what he can read, (till the person memorize that dua)

    Also Please send me Dua Qunoot

 

Jazak Allah Khair

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Qunut in witr

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: Why do we write "AL" in front of name or many word related to Arabic (in most cases I had seen).

The Arabic prefix ‘Al’ is equivalent to the English term ‘The’; and just as the term ‘The’ in English is used to specify the specific or particular noun which follows it, similarly the prefix ‘Al’ in Arabic is also used for the same purpose.

 

For example: ‘Kitaab’ in Arabic would mean any book; ‘Al-Kitaab’ would mean ‘The Book’ (a specific book); similarly ‘Bayt’ in Arabic would mean any house; ‘Al-Bayt’ or ‘The House’ would signify a specific house; etc.

 

Your Question: ….In  wajib ul witr namaz we read Dua Qunoot, what if anybody does not know that dua in that case what he can read, (till the person memorize that dua)

The absolute majority of scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that the recitation of the supplication of ‘qunut’ in the ‘witr’ prayers is optional, as there is enough evidence in the established and authentic Sunnah that the Messenger of Allah (saws) would at times recite the ‘qunut’ supplications in the ‘witr’ prayers, and at times he (saws) would abstain. 

 

Thus if one does not recite the ‘qunut’ supplication in their ‘witr’ prayers for any reason there is absolutely no harm as its omission does not in any way effect the validity of one’s prayers.

 

There is enough evidence in the established and authentic Sunnah that the  Messenger of Allah (saws) prayed the ‘witr’ prayers in both ways, with and without ‘qunut’;  thus if one follows any one of the ways one would be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

Your Question: Also Please send me Dua Qunoot

Al-Hassan ibn Ali (r.a.) said: "The Messenger of Allah taught me the [following] words to recite (as ‘qunut’) in the ‘witr’ prayer: ‘Allah humma ehdena feeman hadayt; wa afena feeman afayt; wa tawallana feeman tawallayt; wa barik lana feema aatayt; wasrif anna sharra ma qadayt; fa innaka taqdi wala yuqda alayk; fa innahu la yadillu man walayt; wala ya izzu man adayt; tabarakta Rabbana wa ta’alayt.’”

(O Allah, guide me among those whom You have guided. Grant me safety among those whom You have granted safety. Take me into Your charge among those whom You have taken into Your charge.  Bless me in what You have given me. Protect me from the evil that You have decreed, for You decree and nothing is decreed for You. And there is no humiliation for whom You take as a ward, and no honor for him whom You take enmity.  Blessed and Exalted are You, our Lord.)

Related by Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

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