Prophets Idris, Shuaib, Haroon

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)


One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

asslamu alaikum wa rahmatulla wa barakhatu

could u plz give me some infomation on the prophets idris,shuaib,aaron and other prophets which people dont kno much about.could u also give me infomation on all 4 of the caliphs



(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)




Prophets Idris, Shuaib, Haroon

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His  forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol,  no person,  no grave, no prophet,  no imam,  no dai,  nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


Ref:  Prophet Idris (a.s.)


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 19 Surah Maryam verses 56-57:

56      Also mention in the Book the story of Idris: he was a man of Truth (and sincerity) (and) a Prophet:

57      And We raised him to a lofty station.


Although Prophet Idris (a.s.) is mentioned by name in the Glorious Quran twice,  there are very few details in the Quran and Sunnah about his people and the place where he was sent as a Prophet of Allah.   Most scholars are of the opinion that the era of Prophet Idris (a.s.) was between Prophet Adam (a.s.) and Prophet Nuh (a.s.).   


The commentators are also of the opinion that Prophet Idris (a.s.) was Enoch as mentioned in the Old Testament.    Because the Quran and Sunnah are silent on the details of the time and place of Prophet Idris (a.s.),  we cannot confirm with surety,  nor deny with conviction about what is written about Enoch from the available Scriptures of the People of the Book. 


It is written in Genesis 5: 21-24:

“And Enoch lived sixty and five yars,  and begat Methuselah.   And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years……”


In the Talmud pp. 18-21 further details are given about Enoch:

“Before Noah,  when the decendants of Adam began to degenerate,  the Angel of God called to Enoch,  who led a pious life away from the people,  and said: ‘O Enoch,  arise,  come out from seclusion,  and go about among the people of the earth,  guiding them to the path which they should follow,  and the ways which they should adopt.’

Receiving this Divine Commandment,  Enoch left his seclusion and gathered the people together and preached to them what he had been commanded,  with the result that they listened to him,  and adopted the worship of God.   Enoch ruled over mankind 353 years: his rule was based on justice and truth,  and consequently God favored mankind will all kinds of blessings.”


Ref:  Prophet Shuaib (a.s.)


The story, people, and the events that took place at the time of Prophet Shuaib (a.s.) is mentioned in great detail in Several Surahs of the Holy Quran.



Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraaf verses 85-93:

85      To the Madyan people We sent Shu`aib,  one of their own brethren: he said: "O my people!  Worship Allah; Ye have no other god but Him.  Now hath come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord!   Give just measure and weight nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you if ye have faith.

86      And squat not on every road breathing threats hindering from the path of Allah those who believe in Him and seeking in it something crooked; but remember how ye were little and He gave you increase. And hold in your mind's eye what was the end of those who did mischief.

87      And if there is a party among you who believes in the message with which I have been sent,  and a party which does not believe,  hold yourselves in patience until Allah doth decide between us: for He is the best to decide."

88      The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said: "O Shu`aib!  We shall certainly drive thee out of our city (thee) and those who believe with thee: or else ye (thou and they) shall have to return to our ways and religion."  He said: "What!  Even though we do detest (them)?

89      We should indeed invent a lie against Allah if we returned to your ways after Allah hath rescued us therefrom: nor could we by any manner of means return thereto unless it be as in the Will and plan of Allah Our Lord.  Our Lord can reach out to the utmost recesses of things by His knowledge.  In Allah is our trust.  Our Lord!  Decide Thou between us and our people in truth for Thou art the best to decide."

90      The leaders the unbelievers among his people said "if ye follow Shu`aib be sure then ye are ruined!"

91      But the earthquake took them unawares and they lay prostrate in their homes before the morning!

92      The men who rejected Shu`aib became as if they had never been in the homes where they had flourished: the men who rejected Shu`aib it was they who were ruined!

93      So Shu`aib left them saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the messages for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel but how shall I lament over a people who refuse to believe!


Prophet Shuaib (a.s.) was appointed a Messenger of Allah to the people of a territory called Madyan,  which lay to the north-west of Hijaz and to the south of Palestine in the eastern side of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqabah,  and extended to a part of the Sinai Peninsula.  


The Madianites were in the path of a commercial highway of Asia, viz., that between two such opulent and highly organized nations as Egypt and the Mesopotamian group comprising Assyria and Babylonia.  Their besetting sins can be characterized as:

committing the heinous crime of shirk or associating other gods with Allah Subhanah.

giving short measure or weight, 

a more general form of such fraud, depriving people of rightful dues,

producing mishchief and disorder, whereas peace and order had been established

not content with upsetting settled life, taking to highway robbery,

And rejecting the Message and Mission of the Prophet sent to them.


The preaching of Prophet Shuaib (a.s.) fell on deaf ears amongst his people,  and the majority of the Madianites rejected him.   At long last,  Allah Subhanah delivered Prophet Shuaib (a.s.) and the believers to safety,  and consequently completely anhiliated the territory of Madyan with a devastating earthquake.


Ref:  Prophet Haroon (a.s.)

The story of Prophet Haroon (a.s.) is linked in the Glorious Quran with his younger brother,  and one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah,  Prophet Musa (a.s.).    The story of Prophet Musa’s mission and challenge of the evil Pharoah is found in most of the major Surahs of the Glorious Quran.


Prophet Haroon (a.s.) was a few years older to Prophet Musa (a.s.),  and was born in Egypt in the year where the new-born boys of the Bani Israel slaves were not to be slain,  according to the order and command of the evil Pharoah.  


When Allah Subhanah chose Prophet Musa (a.s.) as His Messenger to deliver Allah’s Message to Pharoah and the Egyptians,  Prophet Musa (a.s.) asked Allah Subhanah to support him with his brother Haroon (a.s.),  and Allah Subhanah granted Prophet Musa (a.s.) his request.


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 20 Surah Taha verses 25-36:

 25     (Moses) said: "O my Lord! Expand me my breast;

26      Ease my task for me;

27      And remove the impediment from my speech.

28      So they may understand what I say:

29      And give me a Minister from my family

30      Haaroon,  my brother;

31      Add to my strength through him

32      And make him share my task:

33      That we may celebrate Thy praise without stint

34      And remember Thee without stint:

35      For Thou art He that (ever) regardeth us."

36      (Allah) said: "Granted is thy prayer O Moses!"


The story of Prophet Musa (a.s.) and Prophet Haroon (a.s.) is written in explicit detail all over the Quran;  their challenge of Pharoah and the Egyptian leaders in Pharoah’s royal court,   the victory of the Messengers of Allah with the magicians,  the long period where Allah Subhanah sent various trials upon the Egyptians,  the deliverance of the Bani Israel with Prophet Musa (a.s.) and Haroon (a.s.),  the destruction of Pharoah and his armies,  the receiving of the Divine Tablets,   the worship of the golden calf by the Bani Israel,  the refusal of Bani Israel to fight the people of Palestine,  the 40 years of wandering of Bani Israel with their Prophets Musa (a.s.) and Haroon (a.s.)…etc.   The Quran gives reference to all the above incidents and happenings all over the Quran!  


Prophet Haroon (a.s.) died before the death of Prophet Musa (a.s.),  while they were wandering for 40 years with the Bani Israel in the Sinai Desert.


Ref: and other prophets which people dont kno much about.

The Glorious Quran is full of the historical and factual stories of the various Prophets of Allah Subhanah and their peoples.   It would indeed require a book to write down the detailed story of each Prophet of Allah;  but if you need any specific information about a particular Prophet of Allah,  we would be only too pleased to relate that to you.


Your Question: could u also give me infomation on all 4 of the caliphs

Beloved brother in Islam,  the lives of the four Rightly Guided Khalifahs Hadrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r.a.),  Hadrat Umar Al-Khattaab (r.a.),  Hadrat Uthmaan ibn-Affaan (r.a.) and Hadrat Ali ibn Abu Talib (r.a.) are so varied and so full,  that it would indeed require volumes of books to document their lives and their contribution to the Cause of Allah Subhanah and Islam.   It would be indeed impossible for us to give you general information about these four of the noblest of the companions of the Messenger of Allah (saws) in this short article. 


If you require particular information on any of the Rightly Guided Khalifahs,  it would be an honor for us to provide you with that information.


Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.


Your Brother in Islam,






Copyright © 2022 Wister All rights reserved

Privacy  |  Feedback  |  About Wister  |  Volunteer Wister  |  Ask a Question  |  Widget