Zakah determinations.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Kindly answer urgently for these questions. Although I read all replies in zakat, still I would need the answers..

1. I have invested  X amount on  a business little over one year ago. Monthly I am getting some income from it. Should I pay zakat on this X amount or the from the returns of it?

2. Since  little over a year ago I invested on a shop and still paying for it as the shop is not completed. Until now I paid  Y amount, should I have to pay  zakat on this Y amount?, or on the amount completed a year , please answer or I need not pay as there is no income from it so far?.

3. Suppose after all calculations  from above  I do not have enough money  to pay zakat on the due  date , what has to be done?

4. Is these X and Y  amount are considered excessive investment

A Brother in Islam

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Zakah determinations

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

If the total net worth of any believer (man, woman, or child) is more than the prescribed ‘nisaab’ of 7.5 ‘tolas’ of gold (app. 85 grams or app. Value US$2,100.00), then the person is liable to pay the obligatory annual ‘zakah’ of 2.5% on their excess wealth which has been in their possession for a full calendar year.

 

If the total net worth of any believer is less than the prescribed ‘nisaab’, he/she is not liable to pay any ‘zakah’ until their net worth exceeds the prescribed ‘nisaab’.

 

For the purpose of determining ‘zakah’, the ‘Net Excess Assets’ would be the current market value of all of one’s assets (properties, investments, jewelry, cash, etc.) except:

  1. the value of the house/s one owns and actually lives in
  2. the value of the car/vehicle one uses on a regular basis
  3. the value of the furniture and fixtures one uses on a regular basis.

 

Q-1: I have invested  X amount on  a business little over one year ago. Monthly I am getting some income from it. Should I pay zakat on this X amount or the from the returns of it?

The income which you receive monthly is absolutely irrelevant when determining ‘zakah’, for ‘zakah’ in Islam is determined on the net excess assets of the individual and not on the monthly or yearly income.

 

Lets assume that you invested 100,000.00 in the business, and the market value of that investment after one year is 120,000.00…..you would be liable to pay 2.50% of 120,000.00 or 3,000.00 as the ‘zakah’ for this year.

 

Q-2: Since  little over a year ago I invested on a shop and still paying for it as the shop is not completed. Until now I paid  Y amount, should I have to pay  zakat on this Y amount?, or on the amount completed a year , please answer or I need not pay as there is no income from it so far?.

Respected brother, regardless of whether or not you derive any income from the shop, you would be liable to pay ‘zakah’ on the market value of your investment in the shop; because ‘zakah’ in Islam is determined on the fair market value of the asset and not on the income of the asset.  

 

Lets assume that the shop was bought for 10,000.00 a year ago and so far you have paid only 5,000.00.  Today the fair market value of the property is 25,000.00.  In such a scenario, you would be liable to pay your ‘zakah’ on the 15,000.00 (capital gains on the property) + the 5,000.00 (your original investment) at 2.50%.  Thus your ‘zakah’ for the year on this particular property would be 2.50% of 20,000.00 or 500.00.

 

Q-3: Suppose after all calculations  from above  I do not have enough money  to pay zakat on the due  date , what has to be done?

It would obviously be best and purest that you pay the ‘zakah’ on its due dates.  If for any reason you do not have enough funds to pay the ‘zakah’, it will remain a debt upon you unto your Lord until you fulfill it.

 

Q-4: Is these X and Y  amount are considered excessive investment

If the value of your total assets are more than the prescribed ‘nisaab’, indeed the x and Y amounts which you have invested would be amongst your excess assets and you would be liable to pay the annual ‘zakah’ of 2.50% on the market value of your net excess assets, provided that asset has been with you for a period of one full lunar year.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2022 Wister All rights reserved

Privacy  |  Feedback  |  About Wister  |  Volunteer Wister  |  Ask a Question  |  Widget