Hadith Qudsi.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother Burhan

 

Many thanks for sending us the enlightening information on Islam. May Allah bless you with all the Jaza i pray for you with the depth of my heart. I just wanting to point out something mentioned in this email received from you. It says on the heading " Hadith Qudsi 6 " but underneath a narration of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is mentioned i thought Hadith Qudsi refers to an Ayya fom the Glorious Quran which means Hadith Qudsi is saying of the Quddus ( ALLAH). Please correct me if i am wrong.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Hadith Qudsi

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 42 Surah Shura verse 51:

51      It is not fitting for a man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration (wahi), or from behind a veil, or by the sending of a Messenger (Angel) to reveal with Allah's permission what Allah Wills: for He is Most High, Most Wise.

 

The Arabic term ‘wahi’ when used in Islamic terminology literally means an ‘inspiration’ which Allah Subhanah puts or downloads directly into someone’s heart. 

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) received ‘wahi’ or inspirations of two types and they are termed in Islamic Jurisprudence as:

  1. Wahi Jalee: precise, distinct, direct or open inspiration.
  2. Wahi Khafi:  hidden inspiration.

 

The complete Quran (except the first five verses of Surah 96 Al-Alaq which Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.) verbally related to the Prophet (saws) in person) was revealed through the ‘Wahi Jalee’….Words of Allah Subhanah which the Prophet (saws) distinctly recognized and was under the Precise Command of his Lord to relay and declare it verbatim as it was received unto all of mankind as the official ‘Message of Allah Subhanah’.

 

Other than the Precise and Distinct Message of the Glorious Quran, the Lord Most High sent many a message or inspiration directly to the Prophet’s (saws) heart through the ‘Wahi Khafi’….like what to do, what not to do, how to do, some news of the Hereafter, etc.  Although the ‘Wahi Khafi’ were also inspirations which Allah Subhanah sent directly to the Prophet’s (saws) heart, the Messenger of Allah (saws) was guided to and able to clearly distinguish between the Revelations of the Quran (Wahi Jaleel) and the hidden inspirations (Wahi Khafi).

 

There are numerous examples of such hidden guidance or inspiration (Wahi Khafi) in the Glorious Quran which were not necessarily a part of the Scriptures (Wahi Jalee) which were revealed to various Prophets of Allah. 

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 11 Surah Hud verses 36-37:

36      It was revealed (through Wahi) to Noah: "None of thy people will believe except those who have believed already! So grieve no longer over their (evil) deeds.

37      But construct an Ark under Our eyes and Our inspiration (Wahi) and address Me no (further) on behalf of those who are in sin: for they are about to be overwhelmed (in the Flood)."

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraaf verse 160:

160    We divided them (Bani Israel) into twelve tribes or nations.  We directed Moses by inspiration (Wahi) when his (thirsty) people asked him for water: "Strike the rock with thy staff": out of it there gushed forth twelve springs: each group knew its own place for water.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 26 Surah Shuaraa verse 63:

63      Then We told Moses by inspiration (Wahi): "Strike the sea with thy rod." So it divided and each separate part become like the huge firm mass of a mountain.

 

Allah Subhanah sends His Scriptures only to His appointed Prophets so that they may declare it verbatim as they have received to mankind; but He inspires through ‘Wahi Khafi’ whomsoever He Wills from amongst His slaves.  

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 28 Surah Qasas verse 7:

7        So We sent this inspiration (Wahi) to the mother of Moses: "Suckle (thy child) but when thou hast fears about him cast him into the river but fear not nor grieve: for We shall restore him to thee and We shall make him one of Our Messengers."

 

Allah Subhanah guided the Messenger of Allah’s (saws) heart to recognize and clearly distinguish between the inspirations which formed the Revelations of the Glorious Quran (Wahi Jalee), and the ‘Wahi Khafi’ or the other inspirations that were not a part of the Glorious Quran.  Such was the distinct differentiation between the two inspirations that never ever was the Prophet (saws) himself, nor even those whom he conveyed the message to ever in doubt regarding which statements of the Prophet (saws) were the Verbatim and Very Words of Allah Subhanah forming the Glorious Quran, and which were not part of the Quran.

 

An example of the difference between the official ‘text’ and other ‘guidance’ would be the official laws or text which is sent by a king to his governor on officially stamped documents, and the private directives or expectations a king conveys to his governor.

 

Ref: What is ‘Hadith Qudsi’

Hadith-e-Qudsi is a term used in Islamic Jurisprudence which signifies that the meaning of the hadith is from Allah Subhanah, and the words are related from the Messenger of Allah (saws), unlike the Quran where the meaning and the words are both from Allah Subhanah. 

 

Hadith-e-Qudsi is not a separate book or Revelation of Allah Subhanah like the Quran, and the exact same science and investigation that is needed to determine the authenticity of any hadith will be used to determine if the Hadith-e-Qudsi narrated by the narrator from the Messenger of Allah (saws) is indeed authentic or not. 

 

Some additional examples of a Hadith-e-Qudsi would be the following:

Hadith Qudsi  1

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said when Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His Book which is laid down with Him: “My mercy prevails over my Wrath.”

 

Hadith Qudsi 15

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said that Allah Subhanah, High and Exalted He is, says: ‘I am as My servant thinks I am.  I am with him when he makes mention of Me.  If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assemble better than it.  And if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length.  And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.’

 

Hadith Qudsi 34

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said that Allah Subhanah, High and Exalted He is, said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind.  O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you.  O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it.”

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

 

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