Donate blood and end life of sick

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother,

Assalaam aleikum,

I would like to ask you:

1) Is organ donation, i.e.. donating a kidney or any other organ, to somebody who needs it permissible in Islam?

2) Is blood donation permissible in Islam?

3) If a person is very critical and is living on life support, is it a sin if the family members decide to take the person off it so that he/she can die peacefully?

Please help me to get answers to these questions as per the laws of Islam.

Thank you.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Donate blood and end life of sick

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol,  no person,  no grave, no prophet,  no imam,  no dai,  nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your question:Is organ donation, i.e.. donating a kidney or any other organ, to somebody who needs it permissible in Islam?

The Holy Quran and Sunnah are silent on the above issues,  as these transplants were obviously made available only after the advancements of technology and modern medicine,  which were not available at the time the Quran was being revealed.    The scholars in Islam have debated on this issue in light of the principles of the Quran and Sunnah,  and the majority of them are of the opinion that there is no harm if one donates his eyes or body parts so that some other believer may benefit from them after his/her death,   provided some conditions are met.

  1. One cannot be forced to donate his body parts.
  2. One may donate his body parts of his own free will.
  3. One should not sell or get any material benefit for donating his body parts.

 

Their argument or ‘daleel’ is that one’s body parts are only needed as long as one is alive,  and are absolutely no use to the person once he/she dies.   Thus if these parts can benefit some loved one,  there is no harm in donating them.

 

Some scholars though,  have voiced their opinion saying that it is forbidden to donate one’s body parts to another.   Their ‘daleel’ is that man is not the inherent owner of his own body,   as the body was only given to man as a trust from Allah Subhanah,  Who is the Real Owner of everything.  Therefore it is not permissible to distribute something which does not belong to man in the first place.

 

The majority of the scholars are of the opinion that if one does it of his own free will,  and does not demand or get any material benefit from it,  there is no harm in donating one’s body parts to a loved one after his/her death.

 

And Allah Alone Knows Best.

 

 

Your question:Is blood donation permissible in Islam?

The same conditions that apply to the donation of body parts apply to the donation of blood,  namely:

1.      One cannot be forced to donate his blood.

2.      One may donate his blood of his own free will.

3.      One should not sell or get any material benefit for donating his blood.

 

Your question:If a person is very critical and is living on life support, is it a sin if the family members decide to take the person off it so that he/she can die peacefully?

Again,  this is a new matter made available through modern technology,  and the scholars in Islam have debated this issue thoroughly.     Most of the scholars are of the opinion that pulling a person off a life-support system is not permissible,  because they are of the opinion that the soul of the person only leaves the person when his heart stops functioning.    They argue that  death of a person is in the sole Power and Control of Allah Subhanah!   Thus,  under normal conditions,  it would not  be permissible to allow a human being to decide when to pull a person off a life-support system and declare him dead.  

 

And Allah Alone Knows Best.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

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