Could not reach muzdalifa hajj.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)


One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother As salam alaikum,Kindly tell me in the light of Quran and Sunnah,what if One Person leaves for muzdalifah on the 9th of dhul hijjah from arafah after sunset in buses but is prevented(due to large traffic jams) from reaching muzdalifah before midnight rather he reaches there just fifteen to twenty minutes before the azan for salaatul fajr is called.Is his Hajj valid,does he owe any fidya and if he does then what if he has returned back to his homeland?Jazakallah 


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Could not reach muzdalifa hajj

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 198-199:

198    ….Then when ye pour down from Arafah celebrate the praises of Allah at the ‘Mashaeral Haraam’ (Muzdalifah), and celebrate His Praises as He has directed you, even though before this ye went astray.

199    Then pass on at a quick pace from the place whence it is usual for the multitude to do so, and ask for Allah's forgiveness.  For Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Merciful.


Indeed to depart from the plains of Arafah after sunset on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah and reaching ‘Muzdalifah’ is from amongst the obligatory rites of the pilgrimage of Hajj. 


Respected brother, the roads from Arafah to Muna are such that one has to cross through the halting station of ‘Muzdalifah’; thus if you left Arafah after sunset towards ‘Muzdalifah’, even if you were sitting in the vehicle stuck in traffic, chances are that you would have already entered ‘Muzdalifah’, which would suffice to fulfill the rite of being in ‘Muzdalifah’.  Besides, if for a genuine reason like heavy traffic, you were able to reach ‘Muzdalifah’ only moments before ‘Fajr’, the absolute majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that that too would suffice to fulfill the obligatory rite of reaching ‘Muzdalifah’.  


Thus brother, rest absolutely assured that your Hajj is valid and there is absolutely no ‘kaffarah’ or atonement due from you.


Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.


Your brother and well wisher in Islam,






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