What is the ruling and condition for "Qaza Namaz".

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

What is the ruling and condition for "Qaza Namaz" according to Quran and Sunnah, if  my company doesn't allow me to pray at proper time what should I do, and in past I had missed many prayer so what should I do now?

Is there written in Quran and Hadith that, On the day of Judgement one day will be of 50 thousand years?

 

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Answer:

 

Concept of qada prayers

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: What is the ruling and condition for "Qaza Namaz" according to Quran and Sunnah,

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, Shariah Law dictates that unless and until one is unconscious, or insane, or unintentionally slept through a prayer time, or completely forgot and the prayer time elapsed….it is absolutely obligatory and a duty unto the believer that he/she offer his/her prayer at its due and appointed time. 

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 103:

Indeed the Salaat is a prescribed duty that should be performed by the believers at (their) appointed times.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 45-46:

45      Nay! Seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and ‘salaah’: it is indeed hard except to those who bring a lowly spirit.

46      Who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord and that they are to return to Him.

 

Dear and beloved brother, such is the importance and significance of prayer-on-time, that Allah Commands and Demands that the believers offer their prayers on time even during times of war, fear, extreme illness, etc.,

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa 102:

102    When thou (O Prophet (saws)) are with them (during war) and stand to lead them in prayer, let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee taking their arms with them: when they finish their prostrations let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed and let them pray with thee taking all precautions and bearing arms.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 238-239:

238    Guard strictly your prayers, especially the middle (Asr) prayer and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).

239    If ye fear (an enemy), pray on foot or riding (as may be most convenient); but when ye are in security celebrate Allah's Praises in the manner He has taught you which ye knew not (before).

 

Beloved brother in Islam, to intentionally miss, or neglect, or delay one’s obligatory prayers beyond its appointed time without an absolutely valid and genuine reason is not even an option in Islam, and would be absolutely unacceptable and impermissible and a grave sin in the Sight of the Lord. 

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 107 Surah Al-Maun verses 4-5:

4        So woe to the worshippers

5        Who are neglectful of their prayers

 

The Prophet (saws) said, "The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer, and the top of its hump is Jihad in the Way of Allah."

 

Jabir reports that the Prophet (saws) said, "Between a person and disbelief is discarding prayer."

Related by Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.

 

Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'Aas reported that the Prophet (saws) one day mentioned the prayer and said, "Whoever guards and observes his prayer, they (his prayers) will be a light and a proof and a savior for him on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever does not guard and observe them, they will not be a light or a proof or a savior for him. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be with Qarun, Fir'aun, Haman and Ubayy ibn Khalf."

Related by Ahmad, at-Tabarani and Ibn Hibban.

 

A man came to the Prophet (saws) and said “ O Prophet of Allah (saws),  what is the act or deed most loved by Allah?”

The Prophet (saws) replied:  “To pffers ones prayers on time.”

The man asked further:  “What (deed or act most loved by Allah) next?”

The Prophet (saws) replied:  “Obedience to ones parents.”

The man asked further:  “What (deed or act most loved by Allah) next?”

The Prophet (saws) replied: “Jihaad in the Way of Allah.”

Related by Bukhari.

 

Intentionally missing an obligatory prayer at its appointed time is not even given as an option in the deen of Islam!  If one accidentally or unintentionally misses one’s prayer through sleep or forgetfulness, one should pray it as soon as one wakes up or remembers it. 

 

One should strive as hard as one can to make intention to offer one’s obligatory prayers at their appointed times, and if Allah forbid, one misses a prayer, then the absolute least one can do is expiate and atone for that lapse by praying it ‘qada’ in the sincere fear and hope that the Lord Most High will accept it.

 

Whoever sleeps through or has forgotten to pray a certain prayer should pray it when he wakes up or remembers the prayer.  Abu Qatadah related that sleeping through the prayer time was mentioned to the Prophet (saws) and he said, "There is no negligence in sleep, but negligence occurs while one is awake. If one of you forgets a prayer, or sleeps through its time, then he should pray it when he remembers it."

Related by an-Nasa'i and at-Tirmidhi.

 

Anas related that the Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever forgets a prayer should pray it when he remembers it, and there is no expiation for it save that."

Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

Your Question: ….if  my company doesn't allow me to pray at proper time what should I do,

The offering of one’s prayer takes only a few minutes, and can be easily offered during one’s break period during one’s working hours.  If one does not get an official break from their work, it would only be appropriate and wise that the believing employee make it absolutely clear to his employers that he will require a fifteen minute break from his work to offer his prayers during his work-hours, and he would work an extra fifteen minutes after the completion of his duty as a recompense. 

 

If perchance one is employed at a company which absolutely does not allow a believer to offer their prayers, then it would be best if the believer sought to leave that employment and seek to employ his talents elsewhere where he would be able to offer his prayers on time.

 

But under absolutely no conditions would it be lawful for a believer to intentionally miss or delay his obligatory prayers.

 

Your Question: …..in past I had missed many prayer so what should I do now?

Intentionally missing even one obligatory prayer is not even an option in the deen of Islam, leave alone missing many prayers!  Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, the salaahs that you have missed are a debt which you owe unto your Lord; and just like any debt, you may strive your utmost to pay it, or get it forgiven.

 

Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, Our Lord is Oft Forgiving,  Most Merciful and He forgives everything when one does sincere Taubah and turns to him in repentance.   Regardless of what one might have done (or not done) in ones past, if one turns in sincere repentance to their Lord before their appointment of death, and makes a solemn covenant with Him to amend their conduct, it is expected that he will find his Lord Forgiving and Merciful.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumur verses 53-54:

(O Prophet) say: “O My servants who have wronged their own souls….Do not despair of Allah’s Mercy!  Surely,  Allah forgives all sins.   He indeed is the All Forgiving,  All Merciful.   Return to your Lord and submit to Him before the scourge overtakes you;  for then you may get no help from anywhere.”

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imraan verse 135-136:

Allah likes such good people very much, who,  if ever they commit a base deed or wrong their own soul by the commission of a sin,  remember Allah instantly,  and ask for forgiveness from Him for their shortcomings.  For who,  but Allah,  can forgive sins?   (And Allah loves those) who do not knowingly persist in the wrongs they did.   These will be rewarded with forgiveness from Allah,  and with Gardens beneath which canals flow,  and they will reside therein forever!   How excellent is the reward of those who do good deeds!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 54:

When those come to you who believe in Our Signs,  say: "Peace be on you!  Your Lord had inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy.  Verily if any of you did evil in ignorance,  and thereafter repented and amended (his conduct),  Lo! He is Oft-Forgiving,  Most Merciful."

 

Thus beloved brother, regardless of how many of the obligatory prayers you might have missed in your past; turn to your Lord in sincere repentance and make a solemn intention and covenant with your Lord that you will strive your utmost to devoutly obey His every Command from this day forward; it is expected that you will find your Lord Forgiving and Merciful.  If you wish to compensate for your missed obligatory prayers, you could increase your voluntary or ‘nafl’ prayers. If Allah Wills, they should compensate for the missed prayers.

 

Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the Angels although He knows better: 'Look into the ‘Salah’ of My servant to see if he observed it perfectly or been negligent in it.’  So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: ‘See if My servant has any supererogatory (nafl) prayers.’ Then if he has any supererogatory prayers, Allah would say: ‘Make up the deficiency in My servant's obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.' Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner"

Related by Abu Dawud.

 

Taubah or sincere repentance is a deed which completely wipes out all of ones evil deeds done in one’s past,  provided one makes a solemn covenant with their Lord that we will try their best to abide by His commandments in the future.  

 

The opinion of the majority of the scholars in Islam is that if one has missed one’s obligatory duties like prayers or fasts a very long time ago and if one has sought repentance for missing one’s obligatory duties, their repentance itself would suffice and Allah Subhanah, from His Vast and Endless Mercy and Grace, will forgive them their negligence and not hold them to account for their lapse on the Day of Judgment, provided they amend their conduct after their repentance and fulfill their prescribed duties thereafter.

 

But if one so fears Allah, and is so repentant over his/her negligence at missing out on such an important and obligatory duty in one’s past and wishes to make amends; then one should make up those missed prayers over a period of time as an atonement for their missed prayers.  And the best way to do that would be to pray double prayers, one for the current obligation and one for the past, at every time of prayer.  This would be considered the best form of ‘tawbah’ or what Allah Subhanah Declares in the Quran as ‘tawbatan-nasoohah’ (absolutely sincere repentance).

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 66 Surah Tahreem verse 8:

8        O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance (tawbatan-nasoohah): in the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him.  Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands while they say "Our Lord! perfect our Light for us and grant us Forgiveness; for Thou has power over all things."

 

We reiterate again that seeking repentance alone would suffice to obliterate the sin of missing one’s obligatory duties which one missed a long time ago; but if one so fears Allah and His Accounting, and wishes to make absolutely sure and desires to make ‘tawbatan-nasoohah’, then it would be best to offer those missed prayers over a period of time which is convenient and easy for them; and that would be the best and purest form of manifesting one’s repentance to their Lord Most Gracious. 

 

If you think or feel that it would be a burden and absolutely difficult for you to offer ‘double’ prayers as an atonement for your missed prayers, then at least increase your ‘nawafil’ or supererogatory prayers as much as you can; it is expected that Allah Subhanah will make up the deficiency. 

 

Your Question: Is there written in Quran and Hadith that, On the day of Judgement one day will be of 50 thousand years?

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 70 Surah Maarij verse 4:

4        The Angels and the Spirit (Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.)) ascend unto Him in a Day, the measure whereof is fifty thousand years.

 

In light of the above absolutely clear guidance of the Glorious Quran and the various authentic narrations of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the scholars and jurists in Islam are absolutely unanimous in their opinion that the time period of that Inevitable Day of Judgment will be a period equivalent to fifty-thousand years of our reckoning.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

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