.Please tell me that Bismillaha is necessary to recite at Namaz each and every time we receipt Sura-e- fatiha and before receipting other Sura?

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Asalam-u-alikum!

 

1.Please tell me that Bismillaha is necessary to recite at Namaz each and every time we receipt Sura-e- fatiha and before receipting other Sura?

 

2.What is the reason behind to recite Bismillah at the starting of every Sura (except Sura-e-Tuba). Is it told by our prophet PBUH to write Bismillah at the starting of every sura? Or by   Khalfa-e-Rashideen to do so? And who put Raqoo and Ayat in the Holy Quran?

 

3.Now a day almost every company in the world is interest to bank or other financial institution. If a Trading or Manufacturing or Construction company take loan from bank etc and pay interest over it then is it haram to work with that company as a employee, because it is taking loan (for growth of their establishment) but its main business is either Trading or Manufacturing or Construction. Employee is also sinful or not.

 

4.What is the reason behind not to write Hadeese at the time of Prophet PBUH?

 

Can you please refer me some web sites or books where I can found the comparisons between Islam and other religion (like Christianity and Hinduism)?

 

Is the person who afraid the God almighly and obey as it has been told will got the same place as a person who is Muslim but not obeying as it has been told. Mean to say that as we know Gold almighty is Rahman and Raheem he can forgive any one who he wants and can give him place in the paradise.

 

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Answer:

 

Grades in Paradise

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person,  no grave, no prophet,  no imam,  no dai,  nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Q-1: Please tell me that Bismillaha is necessary to recite at Namaz each and every time we receipt Sura-e- fatiha and before receipting other Sura?

The phrase ‘Bismillaah ir-Rahmaan ar-Raheem’ at the beginning of each Surah in the Glorious Quran is considered an inherent part of the Surah; thus it is absolutely incumbent to recite the phrase everytime one starts the recitation from the beginning of the Surah.

 

It is ‘wajib’ to recite the phrase ‘Bismillah…..’ everytime one recites the Surah Fatihah in prayer or otherwise.  If after the recitation of Surah Fatihah in prayer, one wishes to recite another Surah from its very beginning then one must recite ‘Bismillaah……’ again; but if one wishes to recite a few verses from the middle of the Surah, there is no need to recite ‘Bismillaaah…..’.

 

Q-2: What is the reason behind to recite Bismillah at the starting of every Sura (except Sura-e-Tuba).  Is it told by our prophet PBUH to write Bismillah at the starting of every sura? Or by   Khalfa-e-Rashideen to do so? And who put Raqoo and Ayat in the Holy Quran?

It is neither the Messenger of Allah (saws) nor the Khulafa Rashedeen who initiated the declaration of the phrase ‘Bismillaah ir-Rahmaan ar-Raheem’ at the beginning of each Surah (except Surah Taubah) in the Glorious Quran, but it is Allah Subhanah Who Himself Revealed these Surahs including ‘Bismillaah ……’ at its beginning.

 

Q-2A: And who put Raqoo and Ayat in the Holy Quran?

The dividing of the Quran into 30 somewhat equal chapters and the initiation of ‘Rukus’ in each chapter was done by the believers after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to make it easy and convenient for those who wished to memorize the Quran.

 

The ‘Aayahs’ or verses of the Quran were revealed by the Lord Most High Himself, but the Aayah or verse numbers were initiated by the believers after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws) so that each numbered Aayah could be used for reference and location in the specified Surah.

 

Q-3: Now a day almost every company in the world is interest to bank or other financial institution. If a Trading or Manufacturing or Construction company take loan from bank etc and pay interest over it then is it haram to work with that company as a employee, because it is taking loan (for growth of their establishment) but its main business is either Trading or Manufacturing or Construction. Employee is also sinful or not.

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 3325 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah

The Prophet (saws) said: ‘A time is certainly coming to mankind when only the receiver of usury will remain, and if he does not receive it, some of its vapour will reach him!’

 

Beloved brother, it is indeed unfortunately true that today the concept of ‘riba’ is so entrenched in our societies, that regardless of however hard one tries to stay away from the concept of ‘riba’, somehow or the other some its vapor will indeed reach him. 

 

The scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that the one who permits, initiates, operates, takes, pays, and records the ‘riba’ transactions will bear the burden of the sin in the Court of Allah.  If one happens to be employed in an organization like trading, or manufacturing, or construction, etc.; provided the business in its essence is lawful, the earnings of the employee in such an organization will be considered lawful, and because the employee himself was neither responsible for the initiation, operation, taking, paying, or recording of ‘riba’, he will be blameless of the crime of ‘riba’ conducted by his employers.

 

Q-4: What is the reason behind not to write Hadeese at the time of Prophet PBUH?

Because the Glorious Quran was being revealed and immediately documented at the time of the Prophet Mohamed (saws), to maintain the sanctity of the Quran being accurately documented, he (saws) discouraged and forbade the believers from recording any of his traditions in his lifetime until the Quran was completely revealed, lest any of his traditions be inadvertently recorded or included amongst the Divine Verses of the Glorious Quran.

 

Thus the scribes at the time of the Messenger of Allah (saws) only documented the Glorious Quran as soon as it was revealed, and it was only after the Prophet’s (saws) death that the recorders of hadith began recording the traditions of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

Q-5: Can you please refer me some web sites or books where I can found the comparisons between Islam and other religion (like Christianity and Hinduism)?

In our humble opinion amongst the best sites which has comprehensive data and reference in comparative religions like Islam, Christianity and Hinduism is the IRF (Islamic Research Foundation at www.irf.net) site of our beloved and respected brother, teacher, scholar, and soldier of Islam, Dr. Zakir Naik.  

 

Q-6: Is the person who afraid the God almighly and obey as it has been told will got the same place as a person who is Muslim but not obeying as it has been told. Mean to say that as we know Gold almighty is Rahman and Raheem he can forgive any one who he wants and can give him place in the paradise.

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verse 21:

21      See how We have bestowed (in the life of this world) more on some than on others; but verily the Hereafter is more in rank and gradation and more in excellence.

 

Beloved brother, just as the Lord has ranked and bestowed more on some human beings above others as a test in the life of this short and transitory world, Allah Subhanah guides that the ranks and gradations in His Presence in the Hereafter are much more and greater than the ranks and gradations of this world, the highest rank and absolute best grade being that of Jannat-al-Firdaus.

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.318         Narrated by Anas

Haritha was martyred on the day (of the battle) of Badr, and he was a young boy then. His mother came to the Prophet (saws) and said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! You know how dear Haritha is to me. If he is in Paradise, I shall remain patient, and hope for reward from Allah, but if it is not so, then you shall see what I do?"  He (saws) said, "May Allah be merciful to you! Have you lost your senses? Do you think there is only one Paradise? There are many Paradises and your son is in the (most superior) Paradise of Al-Firdaus."

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.48 Narrated by Abu Huraira

The Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever believes in Allah and His Messenger (saws), offers prayer perfectly, and fasts the month of Ramadan will rightfully be granted Paradise by Allah, no matter whether he fights in Allah's Cause or remains in the land where he is born." The people said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! Shall we acquaint the people with this good news?"  He (saws) said, "Paradise has one-hundred grades which Allah has reserved for the mujahidin who fight in His Cause, and the distance between each of two grades is like the distance between the Heavens and the earth. So, when you ask Allah (for something), ask for Al-Firdaus which is the best and highest part of Paradise." (i.e., The sub-narrator added, "I think the Prophet (saws) also said, 'Above it (i.e. Al-Firdaus) is the Throne of Beneficent (i.e. Allah), and from it originate the Rivers of Paradise.")

 

Q-6A: Mean to say that as we know Gold almighty is Rahman and Raheem he can forgive any one who he wants and can give him place in the paradise.

Allah says in the Quran: Chapter 4 Surah An-Nisa Verse 48
Shirk (associating other deities with Allah) is the only sin that Allah does not forgive, and He forgives, whomsoever He pleases, sins other than this, for whosoever associates any other partner with Allah, does indeed forge a big lie and commits the most heinous sin.

The one sin that the Lord Most High has singled out as absolutely and completely unforgivable in His Majestic Presence on the Day of Judgment is the abomination and heinous crime of ‘shirk’ or associating other deities with Allah Subhanah!  

 

The Lord Most Merciful is indeed The Rahmaan and The Raheem towards His slaves; and if one has left this world with heaps of mountains of sins but did not commit the most heinous and absolutely unforgivable crime of ‘shirk’, the Lord Most Merciful, if He so Wills and Pleases, may forgive him all those sins. 

 

Hadith Qudsi 34

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said that Allah Subhanah, High and Exalted is He Says: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind.  O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you.  O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it!’

 

But he who dies while in the state of ‘shirk’, regardless of whatever good he might have done…..all his good deeds will have absolutely no weight in the Scales of Justice of Allah Subhanah….for the evil abomination of ‘shirk’ will negate each and every good deed he may have done and Hell Fire would be his guaranteed and everlasting abode; for Allah Subhanah has made it incumbent upon Himself not to forgive those who die in the state of the abomination of ‘shirk’.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 72:

Whoever commits ‘shirk’ (invoking anything with Allah),  Allah shall forbid for him Paradise,  and Hell shall be his abode.  And for such wrong doers there will be no one to help.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumar verse 65-66:

If you commit ‘shirk’ all your works will be rendered vain and you will be among the losers.  Therefore, you should worship Allah Alone, and be among His grateful servants.

 

Q-6B: Is the person who afraid the God almighly and obey as it has been told will got the same place as a person who is Muslim but not obeying as it has been told.

As long as the person dies believing in ‘Tawheed’ or the Absolute Oneness of Allah Subhanah, regardless of whatever sins other than ‘shirk’ he might have accumulated in his life, there is room in the vastness and magnanimous Mercy of the Lord Most Merciful for his forgiveness; for if the Lord so Wills and Pleases, He may turn to His slave in Mercy and Grace and forgive him all his sins. 

 

It is only obvious that the one who fears Allah as He deserves to be feared and sincerely obey the Commands of Allah will be much higher in rank and grade in the Hereafter than one who dies on ‘Tawheed’ but was neglectful of his prescribed duties (provided the Lord Wills and Pleases to forgive him his faults).   

 

But for those who die in the state of ‘shirk’ or associating other deities with Allah Subhanah, The Lord Most High has forbidden Paradise for them and guaranteed that the Fire of Hell will be their eternal and everlasting abode. The Lord Most High has Declared that there will be absolutely no forgiveness in the Hereafter for those who die while in the state of the absolutely heinous and unforgivable abomination of ‘shirk’!

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

 

Burhan

 

 

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